Deferred Hope, Fulfilled Promises.

First Sunday in Advent
Music: “Home” by Phillip Phillips, “O Come, O Come Emmanuel,” “Come, O Long Expected Jesus” “One Candle is Lit” v1, “Eat this Bread, Drink this Cup.”

Scriptures:  Isaiah 40:1-5, 28-31 Mark 1:1-4

I am not, by nature, a very patient person. I do not like to wait. But God knows this, so He takes every opportunity to help me learn to be patient.  For example:  I work only  about two miles from home, but there are three stop lights, two schools, and two school zones, between home and work.  If I’m not in a hurry, then usually, I just cruise right through these two school zones.  But, should I be in a hurry, or even worse, be running late, then I can guarantee you that I will have to stop in both of those school zones for kids to cross the street, and traffic will ALWAYS be backed up a block or two for cars pulling into the schools.  Oh, and of course, all three of those lights will be red.

The same thing holds true for the days I ride the bus. Most days, there will only be four or five people waiting at the bus stop, and I’ll be able to get on and sometimes even get a seat.  But on those days where I’m in a hurry, you can bet that the buses will be running late and there will be 15 or 20 high school students standing around waiting for the bus.

And should you ever see me in the grocery store checkout, DO NOT get in line behind me. It doesn’t matter which line I choose, it will ALWAYS be the longest wait.

I’m sure that there are lots of you who can relate to this. We live in a fast paced world, where there just isn’t enough time to get from here to there and do what has to be done.  But our waiting for things is not nearly as bad as some of the people you read about in the Bible.

In Genesis 15, when Abram complains to God that all his property will go to a servant, because he has no sons, God takes Abram outside and tells him “Look up at the sky and count the stars—if indeed you can count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.”

Abram and Sarai waited for 10 years to have a child, and then, when Abram was 86 and they just couldn’t wait any more, Abram had a child with Sarai’s servant, Hagar. But that wasn’t in God’s plan and things didn’t work out very well for Hagar and her son, Ishmael. He didn’t receive Abram’s inheritance, but God did promise Hagar that “I will increase your descendants so much that they will be too numerous to count.”

Abram and Sarai waited another 13 years until God fulfilled the promise that Abram and Sarai would have a son. And so it was that Abraham and Sarah, at the ages of 99 and 89, had their son Isaac.  Twenty three years passed between the time that God made the promise and the time that the promise was fulfilled.

At the same time that God promised Abram an heir, he also promised him that “…for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated there. But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves, and afterward they will come out with great possessions.” Keep that promise in mind.  We’ll get back to it shortly.

There are other promises made by the Prophets, speaking for God. Like Joel 2:28-29, “And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days.”   We see this prophecy fulfilled on the day of Pentecost, which was only about 650 years later.

In Jeremiah 31: 31-34, we hear “The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the people of Israel and with the people of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord.

“This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel after that time,” declares the Lord. “I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. No longer will they teach their neighbor, or say to one another, ‘Know the Lord,’ because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest,” declares the Lord. “For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more.” This prophecy only took about 610 years or so to be fulfilled, when Jesus declared the New Covenant at the last supper.

The Prophets Micah and Malachi both spoke about the Messiah that would come. Micah said “But you, Bethlehem, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times,” and Malachi even prophesied about John the Baptist, “I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty.

In our scripture today, Isaiah also spoke about John the Baptist, some 680 or so years before Jesus’ ministry began, saying that there would be “A voice of one calling: ‘In the wilderness prepare the way for the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain.’”

Isaiah also said that “those who wait for the Lord shall renew their strength.” How long did the Israelites “wait for the Lord?” Let’s go back to that promise God made to Abram.  You know, the one about how his descendants would be “enslaved and mistreated” in a “country not their own?”  We see this promise come to pass when Joseph brought Jacob and his brothers into Egypt during the great famine.  In Exodus 1:6-14, we see that this happy situation didn’t last very long.  “Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died, but the Israelites were exceedingly fruitful; they multiplied greatly, increased in numbers and became so numerous that the land was filled with them.

Then a new king, to whom Joseph meant nothing, came to power in Egypt. “Look,” he said to his people, “the Israelites have become far too numerous for us. Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country.”

So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh. But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites and worked them ruthlessly. They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.” This situation went on for how long?  Oh, right. 400 years.

These are but some of the many, many promises that God made to His people that are recorded in the Law and the Prophets. In many cases, hope was deferred for generations, centuries, even millennia. But the Hope was there. And the promises were kept!

There is another significant promise that I want to touch on today – it’s why we call this church season “Advent.” From the first chapter of Doctor Luke’s Gospel, we read “In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. The angel went to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.”

Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary; you have found favor with God. You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.”

“How will this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?”

The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; so the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.  Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be unable to conceive is in her sixth month.  For no word from God will ever fail.”

“I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May your word to me be fulfilled.” Then the angel left her.

And 25 days later, Jesus was born. Oh, wait, no, it was 40 weeks later, more or less.

There are many, many other promises that are fulfilled in the New Testament. Some Bible scholars have counted them, and there are at least 750 promises recorded there, ranging from Atonement and Forgiveness, to prayers being answered, to healing, to forgiveness of sins.  750 promises from God to us. We know that God always keeps the promises he makes, albeit not always in the time span that we desire, but they are kept none the less.

And what, exactly does God, in the person of Jesus, ask us to do? Three things:

  1. Love God.
  2. Love each other.
  3. Tell the world about this story.

So, that’s it. We get all the really cool stuff, like Salvation from sin, Spirit baptism, Protection by angels, Soul-winning power, Earth as an inheritance, Great rewards, Answers to all prayers, and all good gifts.

Now, I’ll admit that we do pretty well on the first two things that God asks us to do – Love God and love each other; but that sharing the story with the world, that’s not where we excel. We kind of like to keep our relationship with God a relatively private matter.  But BEING A DISCIPLE OF CHRIST CANNOT BE A PRIVATE MATTER! When the Pharisees told Jesus to quiet down his followers, Jesus replied “I tell you, if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out.” We have got to share the Good News!

According to the apostle Matthew, the very last thing that Jesus told his followers was “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.” How can we not do this?

In this Advent season, it is much easier to share the Good News. So this week, I challenge you to tell the people about the Good News of Jesus Christ. Tell them that we will not treat them like strangers. That we, like the ancient Israelites, have been told “Do not oppress a stranger; you yourselves know how it feels to be strangers, because you were strangers in Egypt.” We need to tell the world that every person is a child of God, made in God’s likeness, and that we welcome everybody here – and EVERYBODY means you! Let them know that there is a seat reserved just for them – right next to you.



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